The IEP, Individualized Education Program, is a written document that is developed for each public school student who is eligible for special education. The IEP is created through a team effort and reviewed at least once a year.
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), a federal law, requires certain information to be included in the IEP. Before an IEP can be written however, your student must be eligible for special education. By federal law, a multidisciplinary team must determine that (1) he or she is a student with a disability and (2) he or she requires special education and related services to benefit from the general education program.